Hemweg 8

Power plant Hemweg 8 is a modern coal-fired installation dating from 1994.

The coal used in Hemweg 8 is shipped by sea to the Amsterdam storage company. From there, a long conveyor belt takes the coal to the circular coal storage field where a digger lifts it onto another conveyor belt that carries the coal to the mill bunkers at a rate of 1,000 tonnes per hour.

Hemweg 9

Power plant Hemweg 9 is a brand new gas fired plant taken in operation in 2012.

The plant has a capacity of  440 MW and an efficiency of 59% – among the highest available for gas-fired plants. The plant is  fitted with a built-in unit to capture nitrogen oxides (NOx), which  contributes to very low emissions.

Initially, the power plant  only generates electricity, but it is designed to supply heat as well (cogeneration), making it possible to increase its total energy efficiency further in the future.

Diemen 33

The Plant Diemen 33 is a modern CCGT CHP plant (which stands for combined cycle gas turbine and combined heat and power, respectively). The plant uses natural gas as fuel and is located close to the town of Muiden south east of Amsterdam. The plant started operating in the autumn of 1995.

The hydropower plant Maurik was built in 1988 in the Lower Rhine at the weir of Amerongen. The hydropower plant is largely underground.

Besides the turbine and the operating rooms, it is possible to see the giant pipes (and hear), where the water flows at almost 20 meters below water level.

A fish ladder is built near the plant by Rijkswaterstaat.



De Bjirmen Wind Farm is located in Oosterbierum in the north of the Netherlands. It comprises 12 turbines with a total capacity of 6 MW and is an onshore farm. When the wind farm was built in 1995, much thought was put into its visual appearance. The 12 turbines were therefore placed in a herringbone pattern to emphasise the shape of the landscape. Furthermore, the masts are coloured, so instead of being regular white masts they taper off in shades of red. 

The Province of Gelderland has set out ambitions to reduce CO2 emissions. The Climate Programme for Gelderland 2008–2011 Aanpakken en Aanpassen (address and adapt) represents one step towards achieving these goals.

The farm does not look like a regular wind farm because the masts are all slightly different in colour. This makes all the wind turbines together look somewhat like a rainbow. The choice of colours and the design of the farm are based on the colours of the surrounding countryside. 

Characteristics and history

Egmond aan Zee is the first Dutch offshore wind farm. The wind farm consists of 36 turbines and has a total capacity of 108 MW. The total project cost was €200 million and it is a joint venture by Nuon and Shell called NoordzeeWind.

IJmond – characteristics and history

The IJmond Plant was unique when it was commissioned in 1997 as it was the first gas turbine to be fired with residual gases. The gas most commonly used is called blast furnace gas (BFG), which is a by-product from a furnace where iron ore is turned into steel. In the case of IJmond, the gas is transferred through pipelines from the nearby Tata Steel steel works to the plant.

The turbines of the wind farm are placed very close to the shore at an average water depth of 5 metres. The turbines stand in a long row, parallel to the shore. This type of farm is called a nearshore farm and the wind turbines can be easily reached from the shore by a small gangway.

Irene Vorrink Wind Farm was commissioned in 1997. The turbines are mounted on conical tubular steel towers, with a cylindrical steel monopole foundation. Today the 28 turbines have a total capacity of 16.8 MW.